Artibus et Historiae no. 44 (XXII)2001, ISSN 0391-9064
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CHRISTIAN RÜMELIN - The Theory of Printmaking and Understanding of Graphic Arts in the 18th Century
Whoever deals with graphic arts has to reckon with the rarely considered theoretical analysis and the not very comprehensive scientific treatment of this field. These peculiarities are the result of an attitude that was typical for the early 19th century, but does not correspond to the historical reality. The article discusses in detail the claims and possibilities of prints after another works of art. The graphic arts are represented either as "translations" of a work of art or as "imitations", but not in the same way as the mimesis in painting. In the theoretical literature concerning different graphic techniques great attention was given to the expression of optic and artistic phenomena.